Simulated results

  • Calculated generic quantities
    • Fractions of primary electrons that are transmitted, backscattered and absorbed
    • Secondary particle generation probabilities
    • Average energy deposited within each body of the sample
    • Average energy of photons that reach each detector.
  • Angular distribution of electrons and photons
  • Energy distribution of backscattered and transmitted electrons and photons
  • Photon spectra with continuum
  • Intensities of characteristic X-ray lines (generated and emitted).
    • Total intensity
    • Total fluorescence intensity
    • Intensity from primary photons (from electron interactions)
    • Fluorescence intensity from characteristic x-rays
    • Fluorescence intensity from bremsstralung quanta
  • \phi(\rho z) distribution of generated and emitted characteristic lines
  • Spatial distribution of x-ray emission within the volume of a parallelepiped (the scoring box) with a Cartesian mesh, and for a given interval of x-ray energies

Graphical user interface (GUI)

  • Cross-platform graphical interface to setup PENEPMA simulations
  • Define basic microanalysis geometries
    • Substrate
    • Spherical inclusion (hemisphere in substrate)
    • Multi-layers (with and without a substrate)
    • Grain-boundaries (vertical interfaces)
  • Setup of different x-ray detectors
  • Display all the results
  • Export all results to CSV file or directly to Excel/OpenOffice
  • Export spectra to EMSA/MAS spectrum file
  • Use of a set of default with optimized simulation parameters
  • Setup a batch of simulations
  • Launch simulation directly from the interface and track its progress

Application programming interface (API)

  • Written in Python
  • Bindings of PENEPMA’s input and results files
  • Can be used independently of the graphical interface
  • Object-oriented way to setup, run and analyze simulations
  • Use XML files to store simulation parameters
  • Extensible and well documented